Exercise Psychology and Body-Related Experiences
​Research Lab

The Research Team

Dr. Kimberley L. Gammage

Associate Professor
Department of Kinesiology
Director of SeniorFit

Brock-Niagara Centre for Health and Well-Being​​ http://hwc.brockubeta.ca/

My research interests are in the area of exercise psychology, body image, and self-presentation. This includes investigating the impact of body image and self-presentation on psychological states and health behaviours, using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. 
 
I am available to supervise PhD and Master's graduate students, undergraduate thesis, and independent study students.

Carly MaGee, PhD Student
September 2017-present
  
Carly graduated from the Master’s program in 2015 where she investigated whether teaching inactive and low active women to use mirrors for form and technique purposes could lessen the negative impact of mirrors on self-presentational concerns, affect, and self-efficacy. She is currently working at Brock in the Research Ethics Office, while completing her PhD part-time.
  

Aly Bailey, PhD Candidate
September 2014-present

Aly's research interests include exploring and promoting positive body image experiences in people with physical disabilities and older adults. For her dissertation, she worked together with members of the Brock-Niagara Centre for Health and Well-Being to design, test, and implement a positive body image program. Check out the program content by clicking on the tab above named "BIAS program". The BIAS manual is available for future facilitators of BIAS to implement at their facility. She hopes this program will help propel the positive body image movement.


She has completed all her research and has submitted her final document with plans to defend in December 2018. She is currently a recipient of the SSHRC-Doctoral Fellowship.  
 
If you are interested in her research or have your own research ideas, Aly is available to co-supervise undergraduate thesis and independent study students ([email protected]).

Lindsay Cline, PhD  
September 2012-February 2017

Lindsay's research focused on the complex relationship between body weight and body image. Her Master’s work looked at the association between appearance-related commentary and body image. Her PhD dissertation extended from this, but with a focus on positive body image characteristics. She examined how weight trajectory (i.e., the process of gaining, losing or maintaining weight) relates to positive body image. She interviewed women about their weight loss experiences and also examined whether body appreciation works as a buffer to reduce weight bias impressions. Her research philosophy centres around the Health at Every Size® paradigm. Lindsay was a recipient of the SSHRC-Doctoral Joseph-Armand Bombardier Canadian Graduate Scholarship. 

Deanna Buchmayer, MSc Student
September 2017-present

Deanna is a second year Master's student in Applied Health Sciences. She is hoping to focus her thesis on Fitspiration through social media and how it relates to positive body image. 

Joe Moretto, MSc Student
September 2018-present

Joe is a first year Master’s student who has received his Diploma at Mohawk in Health, Wellness, & Fitness and he recently completed his undergrad in Kinesiology. Joe is a personal trainer/group instructor in Hamilton who has trained young elite athletes to the elderly/general population. He is interested in exploring body image and the psychology of drug free weightlifters and powerlifters.
  

Hannah Rose, MSc Student
September 2017-present

Hannah's research interests include the factors that influence body image and physical activity. She is interested in investigating embodiment activities and their correlations with self-objectification. Moreover, she is interested in exploring how gender stereotypes influence physical activity participation.

Sarah Galway, MSc Student
September 2018-present

Sarah is a 1st-year Master's student. She is interested in examining the effects of body image on exercise in older adults. Specifically, she is interested in whether or not body image is related to different experiences during group exercise that may affect exercise adherence and enjoyment.  

David Brown, MSc Student
September 2017-present

David is a second year Master's student in the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. He completed his undergraduate degree at Brock University in the field of Psychology. Overall, his research interests are in the area of exercise and sport psychology.  His Master's thesis will look at body image, hormones, and pro-inflammatory markers in male exercisers and varsity athletes.

Kirina Angrish, MSc Student
September 2017-present

Kirina is currently a second year Master’s student in the faculty of Applied Health Sciences within the field of Kinesiology. She recently completed her undergraduate degree at Brock, receiving a Bachelor of Kinesiology (Honours). As a master’s student under the supervision of Dr. Kimberley Gammage, her primary research interest is to examine body satisfaction and dissatisfaction between the trimesters in pregnant women and compare the results to non-pregnant women; and to determine the factors that influence their level of satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Her second research interest is to determine which body part(s) pregnant and non-pregnant women are most satisfied or dissatisfied with and why.  
 
In her spare time, you could find her at a badminton court, watching a good game of cricket, outdoors on hikes or catching up on some Indian movies. Her favorite city is San Francisco and if there’s one place she could visit right now, it would have to be a tie between Spain and Italy.

Michelle Diams, MSc
2013-2017

Michelle completed her Bachelor of Physical and Health Education at Brock University and is currently completing her Master of Science. Michelle’s graduate thesis is conducted in the field of exercise psychology and body image, focusing on how psychological consequences such as body shame, interoceptive awareness and anxiety can increase state self-objectification and in turn, impede physical performance. Based on research evidence, it is hypothesized that increased self-objectification will result in poorer physical performance on tasks. Michelle hopes these findings can in turn assist in the development of coping strategies for athletes who may be faced with these various psychological consequences.


​​Alyssa Jackson, MSc Student
September 2015-present
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Alyssa is interested in the research area of exercise interventions for older adults. She is also interested in research surrounding older adults and fall prevention and balance strategies. She has been a volunteer in the Brock SeniorFit Program and she really enjoyed working with the participants. She hopes to explore these areas of research during her graduate degree at Brock University.


​​Aidan Smith, MSc
2014-2016

Aidan's research focused on the relationship between men’s body image and weight training. His interests stem from his involvement in competitive sports and working in the fitness industry from the age of 15. Aidan was a recipient of the SSHRC Joseph-Armand Bombardier Canadian Graduate Scholarship. He is currenlty teaching abroad. 


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Jermel Pierre, MSc
2013-2016


Jermel's research investigated the effects of music on physical activity, more specifically, self-selected music and how it affected cognitive and physical outcomes. For his future endeavors, he would like to assess the role of emotional regulation on individual self-determination within a physical activity setting. Outside of research, he is an avid sports fan and enjoys movies (Disney Pixar) and music. His ultimate goal is to set foot on all seven continents and if at all possible, see the Earth while in orbit.


​​Larkin Lamarche, PhD
Post-Doctoral Fellow, Brock University 2013-2014
Research Associate, McMaster University 2014-present

Larkin's research program focuses on understanding what happens when people encounter body image situations from a psychobiological perspective. She completed her PhD at the University of Toronto and her post-doctoral research under Dr. Gammage's supervision. Currently, she is a Research Associate in the Department of Family Medicine at McMaster University for the Health TAPESTRY project - a Health Canada funded study aimed at understanding the integration of technology, trained community volunteers, interprofessional healthcare teams and system navigation to foster optimal aging of older adults. She is also studying a version of this approach in frail elderly in British Columbia and in Sturgeon Lake First Nation. She, among many other researchers in TAPESTRY across Canada, hope to change how primary healthcare is delivered. Visit: http://healthtapestry.ca/

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Christyn Oda, MSc
September 2011-2013

Christyn’s research at Brock examined 66 college-aged women who reported exercising 2 or fewer days per week. They were given false positive, false negative, or no verbal feedback, reflecting their likelihood of adhering to an exercise program that fulfills ACSM’s current guidelines (30 minutes per day, 3 days per week). A four-week follow-up questionnaire was administered to determine the effects on self-efficacy, exercise intention, and exercise behaviour.Christyn is currently working as a Fitness & Wellness Coordinator for an investment company in Toronto. Her research background has helped her tremendously in the corporate wellness field, allowing her to effectively plan, promote, and implement a wide variety of fitness and wellness initiatives for 600 employees. From teaching fitness classes to coordinating monthly fitness challenges to conducting lunch & learns, Christyn greatly owes her success to Kim’s guidance.
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​​Miranda Cloudt, MSc
September 2012-2014

Miranda conducted research on the existing perceptions and stereotypes that people hold towards individuals who have suffered a myocardial infarction. The results of her research supported other literature that found apparent perceptions and stereotypes towards individuals with acute or chronic health conditions. These findings can be used to educate individuals, particularly those in healthcare professions (e.g., nurses, physiotherapists), about the consequences associated with holding negative perceptions. 
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Brianne Ozimok, MA
September 2012 - 2014

Brianne's Master's thesis focused on male body image. Particularly how social-evaluative body image threats affected different psychobiological responses in college-aged men. These responses included cortisol, social physique anxiety, body dissatisfaction and body shame. The results of her study concluded that when college-aged males were faced with a social-evaluative body image threat consisting of their bodies being on display in front of an ideal male and female while assessments of strength and body fat were conducted, were more dissatisfied with their bodies. They also had greater levels of body shame, social physique anxiety and higher cortisol levels compared to men who were not exposed to the social-evaluative threat.  
After her Master's she completed her Dietetic Internship through the Northern Ontario School of Medicine and is currently working as a Registered Dietitian at the Barrie Sports Medicine Clinic.

Sarah Radcliffe, MA
September 2012- February 2015

Sarah's research primarily focused on examining two distinct leadership styles of personal trainers and their effects on exercise-related outcomes. Participants in the enriched leadership style condition reported significantly higher levels of enjoyment and intention to exercise. Participants in the bland leadership style condition reported significantly higher levels of social anxiety. These findings help us to better understand the positive approaches and leadership styles personal trainers can adopt to ensure positive weight training experiences for novice females.
During her academic career she worked at the Brock-Niagara Centre for Health and Well-Being, as well as Motion Physio. She joined the research team at McMaster University in the Department of Medicine.
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Scott Crozier, MSc
September 2010-2012

Scott Crozier graduated from Brock University in 2012 with a MSc. in Applied Health Sciences under the supervision of Dr. Kim Gammage and Dr. David Gabriel. His thesis study manipulated social comparisons through trainer musculature and expertise during one-repetition maximum chest press and leg press tests to examine the effects on body-related social anxiety and maximal strength performance. He is currently living in Ottawa working as the Eastern Ontario Territory Sales Manager for a medical device organization.

Breanne Drouin, MA
Septmeber 2007-2011

Breanne started working in the lab in 2007, when she began working on her M.A. in Applied Health Sciences. Her research focused on body image attitudes in non-exercising college females. For post-graduate studies, she continued her studies with a Bachelor of Education teaching Physical Education and English at the intermediate/senior level. In 2014, she packed up her life in Ontario and moved to Victoria, BC where she just recently landed a dream job as the Athletic Director at an all-girls independent school. Outside of work, she has continued to pursue athletics and spend the majority of her time training on the beautiful West Coast and racing in various long distance triathlons and marathons/ultramarathons in North America.

​​Emma Gibbons, MA
2004-2006

Emma's research focused on physical attractiveness and its perceived influence on competency and knowledge on sportscasters. Although many people who are physically attractive excel in life, she was researching whether this also influenced the audiences' perceptions of competence.
Currently, she works at Mohawk College as the Interim Director for Continuing Education. She has worked at Mohawk for 8 years in various rolls with each being a stepping stone from her Master's at Brock University. Without having the opportunity to study at Brock she wouldn’t have the time management, project management, or communication skills she possesses today.  The program allowed her to own her learning opportunities and create her own path in success.


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